Quick Facts - Russia
Capital: Moscow, administrative centre and Russia's biggest city.
Official languages: Russian and thirty other co-official languages in various regions.
- Ruble (RUB)
Calling code +7
Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea.
Formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Russia became the Russian Federation following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.
After the Soviet era, the area, population, and industrial production of the Soviet Union (then one of the world's two Cold War superpowers) that were located in Russia passed on to the Russian Federation.
After the break-up of the Soviet Union, the newly-independent Russian Federation emerged as a great power (although it is also considered to be an energy superpower).
Russia is considered the Soviet Union's successor state in diplomatic matters and is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. It is also one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states. Russia is the leading nation of the Commonwealth of Independent States, a member of the G8 as well as other international organizations.